乔晶明

禄来双反相机型号、生产年号、机身号码一览表

雨苑:

型号              上市年份              中止年份    制造开始号     制造中止号


POLLEIFLEX


 


Original


Original F3.8/F4.5 1928 1932 1 199999


 


Standard


Standard Type 1/Type2 1932 1934 200000567550


Standard Type3 1934 1938 200000 567550


 


F2.8


2.8 A Type 1 1949 1951 1101000 1139999


2.8 A Type 2 1951 1951 1201000 1203999


2.8 B 1952 1953 1204000 1259999


2.8 C 1953 1955 1260000 1457405


2.8 D 1955 1956 1600000 1620100


2.8 E 1956 1959 1621000 1664999


2.8 E2 1959 1960 2350000 2356999


2.8 E3 1962 1965 2360000 2362024


2.8 F 1960 1981 2400000 2451850


2.8 F Type 2 1966 1976 2451851 2479999


2.8 F Type 3 1969 1976 2600000 2799999


2.8 F Type 4 1976 1980 2900000 2959999


2.8 F Aurum 1982 7570001 7571249


2.8 F Aurum 1983 8300000 8301499


2.8 F Platin 1984 1990 2985000 2985499


2.8 F Aurum Platin 1989 1990 29865002986599


2.8 GX 1987 2985500


2.8 GX Edition 1989 1991 5010000 5017999


2.8 GX Newton 1992 1993 6030000 8036999


ROLLEI MAGICS


Magic I 1960 1962 2500000 2534999


Magic II 1962 1968 2535000 2547597


 


F3.5


Automat Type 1/Type 2 1937 1939 568516805000


Automat Type 3 1939 1945 805000 1050000


Standard Neu 1939 1941 805000 927999


Automat Type 4 1945 1949 1050000 1099999


Automat Model X 1949 1951 1000000 1168000


Automat MX(V) 1951 1954 1200000 1427999


3.5 MX-EVS Type 1 1954 1955 1428000 1479999


3.5 MX-EVS Type 2 1955 1956 1479000 1739999


3.5 E(with Lightmeter) 1956 1959 17400001787849


3.6 E(without Lightmeter) 1956 1959 18500001869999


3.5 E2 1959 1961 1870000 1872999


3.5 E3 1961 1965 2380000 2385050


T Type 1 1958 1966 2100000 2199999


T Type 2 1966 1970 2220000 2313999


T Type 3 1971 1976 2314000 2320300


3.5 F Type 1 1958 1960 2200000 2229999


3.5 F Type 2 1960 1960 2230000 2241500


3.5 F Type 3 1960 1964 2250000 2815050


3.5 F Type 4 1965 1976 2800000 2844999


3.5 F Type 5 1979 1979 2845000 2857149


3.5 F Type 5 1979 1979 3555000 3559999


 


Tele & Wide-Angle


Tele 1959 1975 2300000 2304999


Tele 1970 1975 2305000 2308400


Wide Angle 1961 1967 2490000 2493999


 


 


ROLLEICORD


1(Art Deco) 1933 1936 1460000 1760000


I 1934 1936 1590000 1759999


la Type 1 1936 1937 1760000 1947000


II Type 1 1936 1938 1758000 1973999


la Type 2 1937 1938 1945000 2183000


II Type 2 1937 1938 1966000 2124000


la Type 3 1938 1947 611000 1042999


II Type 3 1938 1939 612000 888999


II Type 4 1939 1949 859000 1006999


II Type 5 1949 1950 1007000 1134999


III 1950 1953 1137000 1344050


IV 1953 1954 1344051 1390999


V 1954 1957 1500000 1583999


Va Type 1 1957 1958 1584000 1599999


Va Type 2 1958 1961 1906000 1943999


Vb Type 1 1962 1967 2600000 2649999


Vb Type 2 1968 1975 2650000 2665999


 


ROLLEIFLEX 4X4


Baby Rolleiflex 3.8/2.8 1931 1933 125000145100


Black Baby Rolleiflex 1933 1938 150000524999


Baby Rolleiflex(Sports) 1938 1941 622000734999


Grey Baby Rollei 1957 1959 2000001 2069999


Black Baby Rollei 1963 1968 2065000 2069999


 


 


 


影友关秀峰:西德“禄来弗来”双反相机介绍


 


禄来系列双镜头反光相机,在四五十年代乃至七十年代初,曾风靡世界一时.在五六十年代,曾经是专业的象征.当时能背着“禄来”双反在街上走的人,不是专业摄影记者,就是公安人员,对价格昂贵的“禄来”平民百姓,爱好者只能“望机兴叹”.


 


禄来厂生产的多种双反相机,其中禄来康特[即Rollekonter], 禄来可得[Rolleicord]是作为普及简易型供应市场,但也具备了相当水准的机械及光学素质.而禄来弗来克斯[Rolleiflex]的市场定位是高级专业型,追求的是“百年有形”一直按照高级专业水准而设计制造。几经改进后的“禄来弗来”双反,生产在五十年代中叶,六.七十年代。其中:E ,F ,T ,等机种型号,在机械结构,生产工艺,制造技术,产品配套及性能上均达到较高水平,在国际市场上曾经畅销一


时.


 


一般说,来弗来克斯[Rolleiflex]双反其特色在于两个镜头,上镜头取景,下镜头摄影,摇把卷片,微传感滚筒式自动停片,与上弦连动并可多次曝光,也可防止重拍。采用结构,性能及用材方面均非常优良的同步康盘快门并有M,X,V 装置,采用强度较好的铝合金模铸机身,外围部件多为铝合金或黄铜,卷片机构等传动齿轮和有运动摩擦,藕合等部件零件,多采用优质黄铜或合金钢材,快门主力簧则采用优质钴基不锈钢,所以只要使用保管得当,“禄来”有较长的使用寿命。


 


关于“禄来”配套的摄影镜头,一般说,2.8D,E,F 各型相机使用多为蔡司,普兰那,五片四组变高斯结构,F2.8/80mm使用优质光学玻璃材料,其优秀的成象素质被摄影界推崇备至,有口皆碑,后期生产的2.8F,采用了七片五组结构[变高斯型普兰那]被誉为蔡司的顶级极品头.2.8双反中也有部分装有F2.8/80mm五片四组变高斯结构的施耐得,仙侬塔头,其本质同样优秀,只不过实拍感觉反差稍嫌柔和。


 


3.5双反,A,B,O,T 等型多使用著名的蔡司,天塞F3.5/75mm四片三组头,该头具有结构简单,成熟,素质优良的特点,成象质量备受摄影人员赞赏,与普兰那相比,除了最高分辨率稍次和大光圈时边缘像质有所下降和不便于作到2.8口径外,并无明显差异,用F3.5/75mm天塞头拍出的高倍放大照片.极具德国风采,韵味独特,E,F,等型所用的F3.5/75mm五片四组变高斯结构普兰那头或施耐得,仙侬塔头,也具有同F2.8/80mm蔡司,普兰那头,施耐得,仙侬塔头一样优异卓著的光学质量.


 


“禄来可得”普及双反装用的镜头,多为四片三组F3.5/75mm的施耐得,仙娜镜头,该头与天塞头相比,除了反差较柔以外,并无太大差异,早期的“禄来可得”二型,有装用蔡司,吹奥塔F3.5/75mm三片三组头,与天塞比,边缘像质稍差,但优于海鸥双反头,仍可作高倍放大.以上材料,配合了本人一些心得,仅供参考。


 


The following serial number ranges havebeen collected from several sources. Serial numbers followed by an asterisk (*)have been corrected by me. If you have any comments or want to report a serialnumber you can contact me on this address: Peter Rongsted


 


Start S/N End S/N Prochnow Parker Evans


1 199.999 Rolleiflex 3,8 model 1 OriginalRolleiflex 6x6 3.8 Original Rolleiflex


1 199.999 Rolleiflex 3,8 model 2 OriginalRolleiflex 6x6 3.8 Original Rolleiflex


1 199.999 Rolleiflex 4,5 model 1 OriginalRolleiflex 6x6 4.5 Original Rolleiflex


1 199.999 Rolleiflex 4,5 model 2 OriginalRolleiflex 6x6 4.5 Original Rolleiflex


125.000 * 145.100 * Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8model 1 Baby 4x4 1931 Rolleiflex 2.8 Original Baby


125.000 * 145.000 * Rolleiflex 4x4 3,5model 1 Baby 4x4 1931 Rolleiflex 3.5 Original Baby


127.000 523.000 Rolleiflex 4x4 3,5 model 2Baby 4x4 1934 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 1)


150.000 * 154.999 * Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8model ? Baby 4x4 1933 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 2)


150.000 * 154.999 * Rolleiflex 4x4 3,5model ? Baby 4x4 1933 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 1)


155.000 * 523.000 Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8 model2 Baby 4x4 1934 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 2)


155.000 * 524.999 * Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8model 3 Baby 4x4 1937 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 4)


155.000 * 523.000 Rolleiflex 4x4 3,5 model3 Baby 4x4 1937 Rolleiflex Black Baby (type 3)


200.000 567.000 Rolleiflex Standard 3,5Original Standard Rolleiflex Model 622 Old Standard Rolleiflex (type 3)


200.000 567.000 Rolleiflex Standard 3,8Original Standard Rolleiflex Model 621 Old Standard Rolleiflex (type 1)


200.000 567.000 Rolleiflex Standard 4,5Original Standard Rolleiflex Model 620 Old Standard Rolleiflex (type 2)


568.516 610.645 Rolleiflex Automat model 1Automat 6x6 Model 1 Automatic Rolleiflex (type 1)


610.646 804.999 Rolleiflex Automat model 2Automat 6x6 Model 1 Automatic Rolleiflex (type 2)


611.000 1.042.100 Rolleicord Ia model 3Rolleicord Ia type 3 Rolleicord Ia (type 3)


611.000 1.042.100 Rolleicord Ia Polizei


613.000 859.000 Rolleicord II model 3Rolleicord IIb Rolleicord II (type 3)


622.000 734.999 * Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8 model4 Baby 4x4 1938 Rolleiflex Sports Rolleiflex


805.000 999.999 * Rolleiflex Automat model3 Automat Rolleiflex Model 2 Automatic Rolleiflex (type 3)


806.000 927.999 Rolleiflex Standard neu NewStandard Rolleiflex New Standard Rolleiflex


850.000 850.999 * Rolleiflex 4x4 2,8Warmodel Baby 4x4 1938 Rolleiflex Sports Rolleiflex


859.000 1.095.425 Rolleicord II model 4Rolleicord IIc Rolleicord II (type 4)


859.000 1.135.999 Rolleicord II Phillipsmodel


980.000 1.095.425 Rolleicord II model 5Rolleicord IIc Rolleicord II (type 5)


1.000.000 * 1.049.999 * Rolleiflex Automatmodel 3 Automat Rolleiflex Model 2 Automatic Rolleiflex (type 4)


1.050.000 * 1.099.999 Rolleiflex Automatmodel 3 Automat Rolleiflex Model 3 Automatic Rolleiflex (type 4)


1.100.000 1.168.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 AutomatRolleiflex Model X Rolleiflex X (type 1/2)


1.101.000 1.164.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 ARolleiflex 2.8A Type 1 Rolleiflex 2.8A (type 1)


1.102.000 1.135.999 Rolleicord II model 6Rolleicord IId Rolleicord II (type 5)


1.137.000 1.199.999 Rolleicord IIIRolleicord III Rolleicord III (type 1/2)


1.200.000 1.200.999 * Rolleiflex 3,5 AAutomat Rolleiflex Model 4 Rolleiflex MX (type 1)


1.201.000 1.204.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 ARolleiflex 2.8A Type 2 Rolleiflex 2.8A (type 2)


1.205.000 * 1.219.999 * Rolleiflex 3,5 AAutomat Rolleiflex Model 4 Rolleiflex MX (type 1)


1.220.000 1.220.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 BRolleiflex 2.8B Rolleiflex 2.8B (type 1)


1.221.000 * 1.298.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 AAutomat Rolleiflex Model 4 Rolleiflex MX (type 1)


1.260.000 1.260.249 Rolleiflex 2,8 BRolleiflex 2.8B Rolleiflex 2.8B (type 2)


1.260.250 1.261.999 * Rolleiflex 2,8 CRolleiflex 2.8C Rolleiflex 2.8C (type 1)


1.280.000 * 1.285.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 CRolleiflex 2.8C Rolleiflex 2.8C (type 1)


1.292.000 1.292.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 CRolleiflex 2.8C Rolleiflex 2.8C (type 1)


1.300.000 1.344.050 Rolleicord IIIRolleicord III Rolleicord III (type 2)


1.344.051 1.390.999 Rolleicord IVRolleicord IV Rolleicord IV


1.400.000 1.475.405 Rolleiflex 2,8 CRolleiflex 2.8C Rolleiflex 2.8C (type 2)


1.401.000 1.427.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 AAutomat Rolleiflex Model 4 Rolleiflex MX (type 2)


1.428.000 1.499.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 BRolleiflex 3.5 MX-EVS 3.5 Rolleiflex MX-EVS (type 1)


1.500.000 1.583.999 Rolleicord V RolleicordV Ro禄来lleicord V


1.584.000 1.599.999 Rolleicord Va model 1Rolleicord Va Type 1 Rolleicord Va (type 1)


1.600.000 1.620.100 Rolleiflex 2,8 DRolleiflex 2.8D Rolleiflex 2.8D


1.621.000 1.665.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 ERolleiflex 2.8E Rolleiflex 2.8E


1.700.000 1.737.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 BRolleiflex 3.5 MX-EVS 3.5 Rolleiflex MX-EVS (type 2)


1.740.000 1.787.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 CRolleiflex 3.5 E Rolleiflex 3.5 E (type 1)


1.850.000 1.868.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 CRolleiflex 3.5 E Rolleiflex 3.5 E (type 2)


1.870.000 1.871.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 E2 model1 Rolleiflex 3.5 E2 Rolleiflex 3.5 E2 (type 1)


1.900.000 1.906.999 Rolleicord Va model 1Rolleicord Va Type 2 Rolleicord Va (type 1)


1.905.000 1.943.999 Rolleicord Va model 2Rolleicord Va Type 2 Rolleicord Va (type 2)


2.000.001 2.064.999 Rolleiflex 4x4 grauBaby 4x4 1957 Grey Rolleiflex Grey Baby


2.064.000 2.069.120 Rolleiflex 4x4 schwarzBaby 4x4 1963 Black Rolleiflex Post-war Black Baby


2.100.000 2.155.999 Rolleiflex T model 1Rolleiflex T 1 Rolleiflex T (type 1)


2.156.000 2.156.249 Rolleiflex T specieledition 24 ? ?


2.157.000 2.199.999 Rolleiflex T model 2Rolleiflex T 1 Rolleiflex T (type 1)


2.200.000 2.219.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 F model1 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 1 Rolleiflex 3.5F (type 1)


2.220.000 * 2.229.999 * Rolleiflex T model3 Rolleiflex T 2 Rolleiflex T (type 2)


2.230.000 2.241.499 Rolleiflex 3,5 F model2 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 2 Rolleiflex 3.5F (type 2)


2.242.000 * 2.249.999 Rolleiflex T model 3Rolleiflex T 2 Rolleiflex T (type 3)


2.250.000 2.299.999 * Rolleiflex 3,5 Fmodel 3 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 3 Rolleiflex 3.5F (type 3)


2.300.000 2.306.871 Tele-Rolleiflex model 1Tele Rolleiflex Tele Rolleiflex (type 1)


2.306.872 2.308.498 Tele-Rolleiflex model 2Tele Rolleiflex Tele Rolleiflex (type 2)


2.310.000 2.313.949 Rolleiflex T model 3Rolleiflex T 2 Rolleiflex T (type 3)


2.314.000 2.320.449 Rolleiflex T model 3Rolleiflex T 3 Rolleiflex T (type 3)


2.350.000 2.357.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 E2Rolleiflex 2.8E 2 Rolleiflex 2.8 E2


2.360.000 2.362.024 Rolleiflex 2,8 E3Rolleiflex 2.8E 3 Rolleiflex 2.8 E3


2.380.000 2.385.034 Rolleiflex 3,5 E3Rolleiflex 3.5 E3 Rolleiflex 3.5 E3


2.400.000 2.479.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 FRolleiflex 2.8F Rolleiflex 2.8F (type 1/2)


2.480.000 2.481.999 Rolleiflex 3,5 E2 model2 Rolleiflex 3.5 E2 Rolleiflex 3.5 E2 (type 2)


2.490.000 2.493.501 Weitwinkel-Rolleiflexmodel 1 Wide-Angle Rolleiflex Wide-Angle Rollei


2.493.502 2.493.905 Weitwinkel-Rolleiflexmodel 2 Wide-Angle Rolleiflex Wide-Angle Rollei


2.500.000 2.524.999 Rolleimagic RolleiMagic I Rollei-magic I


2.535.000 2.547.600 Rolleimagic II RolleiMagic II Rollei-magic II


2.600.000 2.645.999 Rolleicord Vb model 1Rolleicord Vb Type 1 Rolleicord Vb (type 1)


2.647.000 2.677.534 Rolleicord Vb model 2Rolleicord Vb Type 2 Rolleicord Vb (type 2)


2.800.000 * 2.844.999 * Rolleiflex 3,5 Fmodel 3 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 4 Rolleiflex 3.5F (type 3/4)


2.845.000 * 2.857.149 Rolleiflex 3,5 Fmodel 3 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 5 Rolleiflex 3.5F (type 4)


2.950.000 2.984.999 Rolleiflex 2,8 FRolleiflex 2.8F 4 Rolleiflex 2.8F (type 2)


2.985.001 2.985.500 Rolleiflex 2,8 FEdition 1984 Platin Rolleiflex 2.8F Platin Rolleiflex 2.8F Platin Edition


2.985.501 Rolleiflex 2,8 GX Rolleiflex 2.8GX Rolleiflex 2.8 GX


3.555.000 * 3.559.999 * Rolleiflex 3,5 Fmodel 3 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 5 Rolleiflex 3.5F Model 5


7.570.001 7.571.249 * Rolleiflex 2,8 FAurum Rolleiflex 2.8F Aurum Rolleiflex 2.8F Aurum


8.300.001 8.301.500 Rolleiflex 2,8 F AurumRolleiflex 2.8F Aurum Rolleiflex 2.8F Aurum


 


禄来双反是双反相机里的极品,带Zeiss镜头2.8F则是极品中的极品.


 


它的机身在档次上有差异, 但是不是很大, 更多人是在意配合它的不同镜头的不同表现.而且不同时代的镜头更有一些特殊的风格. 这些都是针对于真正的罗来相机爱好者的而言的.那些真正的罗来的狂热着是不太在意那个好, 那个不好. 每一种机身都由它们的生命. 但是, 也正因为各自镜头的不同表现,他们往往都拥有不止一台的罗来相机, 在他们看来, 仅仅拥有1台机身还是不足以充分领会罗来的乐趣.


 


但是, 话又说回来, 对于他们, 没有领会Zeiss镜头2.8F的妙处是不可以原谅的, 那毕竟是禄来的精美的机身和精致影调再现的蔡司镜头的叠加. 对于他们而言, 可以少拥有1, 2台其它禄来机身, 但是不能没有Zeiss镜头2.8F. 所以, 它的价格高涨而且流通很少. 比如说,好的品像的它可以容易地标上25万日币以上


的价格, 可是一般的一些禄来相机, 7万日币可以买到.


 


玩禄来相机最好是在经历过追求高解像度镜头之后为佳. 因为配合禄来的镜头都是一些影调再现非常细腻, 非常人性化的表现.没有那些该死的高解像度镜头做陪称, 大多数的人们不会"深刻"地感受到禄来的妙处.不会对禄来带来的那种"异类"的美所感动.



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